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The difference between a cold and an allergy

The difference between a cold and an allergy

It is necessary to know the difference between a cold and an allergy, and through this article, the most important differences and differences between both cases will be clarified.

There are many people who cannot tell the difference between a common cold and an allergy because the symptoms are somewhat similar between the two health conditions.

But it is necessary to know the difference between a cold and an allergy in order to get the appropriate treatment to recover and recover from both diseases, the details in this article:

The difference between a cold and an allergy: Symptoms

Despite the similarity that appears in the symptoms of both cold and allergy to the individual, it is necessary to clarify the symptoms in detail in order to better know the difference between cold and allergy:

1. Cold symptoms

Among the most prominent symptoms of a cold are the following:

  • Nasal congestion or obstruction in some cases.
  • Sore throat.
  • coughing;
  • Suffering from low fever.
  • sneezing;
  • Feeling generally unwell.
  • mild headache;
  • Feeling some slight pain.
  • Nasal secretions are usually thicker and may turn yellow or green sometimes, when you continue to suffer from a cold.

2. Allergy symptoms

The most prominent and common symptoms of allergy are the following:

  • Suffering from allergic rhinitis.
  • Conjunctivitis, which usually includes redness, itching, and watery eyes.
  • chest tightness;
  • breathing difficulties.
  • Swelling in the eyes, nose, or mouth.
  • Skin rash.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • diarrhea.
  • Skin redness, cracking and sometimes dryness.

The difference between a cold and an allergy: causes

It is possible to know the difference between the common cold and allergies by mentioning the most important causes and causes that lead to suffering from each of them, as follows:

1. Causes of the common cold

Although the viruses that cause colds are many and varied, the most common of these are rhinoviruses, and the common cold virus usually enters the body through the eyes, nose, or mouth.

It is worth noting that this type of health condition can spread widely among individuals through droplets in the air when the infected individual coughs and sneezes, or even when speaking, or through contact with any surface contaminated with these viruses.

2. Causes of allergy

There are many causes that lead to an individual suffering from this type of health condition, and the most famous allergens are the following:

  • Pollen pills.
  • Dust mites.
  • Mold spores.
  • Animal dander, especially pets.
  • Some types of foods.
  • Bites of some insects.
  • Use of any type of medication.

The difference between a cold and an allergy: treatment

Treatment varies for both cases as follows:

1. Cold treatment

Since colds usually occur as a result of exposure to some types of viruses, it is possible to treat them through the use of some medical treatments, such as: pain relievers that do not need a prescription to dispense, in addition to decongestants.

As for the recovery time from this type of health condition, it usually takes a period of no less than 3-10 days, and in some other cases it may last up to two or three weeks.

2. Allergy treatment

Since allergy is nothing but an immune response to an individual’s exposure to an allergen, for example grass pollen and seasonal tree pollen, the most appropriate treatment for such cases is usually the following:

  • Over-the-counter or even prescription antihistamines to dispense.
  • Nasal sprays.
  • decongestants.
  • Avoid allergens as much as possible.
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